- Understanding Experience of Patients With Highly Infectious Diseases During Extended Isolation: A Design Perspective Tue, 27 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
CONCLUSIONS: The isolation can take a toll on physiological and psychological well-being. A thoughtful design of isolation units may improve patients' experience by supporting human and social interactions, empowering patients through space flexibility and personalization of space, and supporting a more holistic approach to isolation care.
- Influence of epidemics and pandemics on paediatric ED use: a systematic review Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
CONCLUSIONS: The scale and direction of effect of PED use depend on both the epidemic disease, the public health measures enforced and how these influence decision-making. Policy makers must be aware how fear of virus among the general public may influence their response to public health advice. There is large inequity in reporting of epidemic impact on PED use which needs to be addressed.
- The Diagnostic Accuracy of Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Ebola Virus Disease: a Systematic Review Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
CONCLUSIONS: RDTs possess both a high sensitivity and specificity compared to RT-PCR amongst symptomatic patients presenting to Ebola Treatment Units. Our findings support the use of RDTs as a 'rule in' test to expedite treatment and vaccination.
- COVID-19 provides an opportunity to build a resilient and equitable immunization delivery system Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
The COVID-19 pandemic has weakened the health systems in many countries particularly putting at risk efforts on the Immunization Agenda to make vaccination available to everyone, everywhere, by 2030. Immunization Agenda 2030 reconfirms the importance of reducing the absolute number of zero-dose children and increasing the proportion of children who complete their vaccinations on time. Despite the gains in promoting equity in immunization services, many children missed vaccination because of the...
- Continuity of essential health services in the context of COVID-19: the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional continuity of essential services sub-working group Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
COVID-19 cases have continued to increase globally putting intense pressure on health systems, including in the East and Southern African (ESA) region, which bears the brunt of the continent´s cases, and where many health systems are already weak or overstretched. Evidence from the West Africa Ebola disease outbreak and early estimates for COVID-19 show that indirect impacts due to disruptions in access to essential health services can result in even higher mortality than that directly related...
- Assessment of infection prevention and control readiness for Ebola virus and other diseases outbreaks in a humanitarian crisis setting: a cross-sectional study of health facilities in six high-risk States of South Sudan Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
CONCLUSION: the findings of this study which is comparable to those of other studies in similar settings validates the perception that Infection Prevention and Control/Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (IPC/WASH) capacity and readiness is inadequate in South Sudan. To scale up these core components, we recommend development and implementation of a comprehensive and long-term infection prevention and control strategic plan as part of the country's broader health sector recovery planning.
- Integrated disease surveillance and response in humanitarian context: South Sudan experience Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
CONCLUSION: since 2006, South Sudan has registered progress towards using indicator and event-based surveillance and continues to strengthen IHR (2005) capacities. Following the adoption of third edition IDSR guidelines, the current emphasis entails maintaining earlier gains and strengthening community and event-based surveillance, formalizing cross-sectoral one-health engagement, optimal EWARS and District Health Information Systems (DHIS2) use, and strengthening cross-border surveillance. It...
- Preparing for the worst: opportunities to prevent trans-boundary disease transmission in Uganda: a case study Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
On August 1^(st), 2018, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared its tenth Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in history, affecting North Kivu and Ituri provinces. The outbreak response was complicated due to insecurity and armed conflict in the region, and over the next 19 months, thousands of cases and deaths would occur, making this the world´s second-largest outbreak of EVD to date. On 4 August 2018, the Uganda Ministry of Health (MoH) activated the national...
- Fractional-Order Ebola-Malaria Coinfection Model with a Focus on Detection and Treatment Rate Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400
Coinfection of Ebola virus and malaria is widespread, particularly in impoverished areas where malaria is already ubiquitous. Epidemics of Ebola virus disease arise on a sporadic basis in African nations with a high malaria burden. An observational study discovered that patients in Sierra Leone's Ebola treatment centers were routinely infected with malaria parasites, increasing the risk of death. In this paper, we study Ebola-malaria coinfections under the generalized Mittag-Leffler kernel...
- Deadly endemic zoonotic disease Ebola re-emerges in the democratic Republic of Congo amid the ongoing COVID-19: are we prepared from lessons learnt? - Correspondence Mon, 26 Sep 2022 06:00:00 -0400